Bird Flu And The Relation To Human Beings

Avian influenza virus causes bird flu. There are many kinds of bird flu but the most dreaded nowadays is the h5n1 bird flu virus. This virus is found in wild birds though some of these birds may not get sick from the virus instead they could infect other birds especially the ones that are being breed for human consumption.

Does humans get affected by bird flu?

Humans normally cannot get infected by the virus from birds but recently there are reports where a number of people got sick from bird flu. Reports of this virus infections come from Asia. People who have had close contact with farm raised birds got infected of the virus. According to studies the h5n1 virus may eventually spread throughout the globe.

Wild birds that are carrying the virus could easily infect farm-raised birds and these birds could easily spread the virus to hundred thousands of other birds. The only way to stop the virus from spreading is to kill all the infected birds. People can get infected if they come into contact with an infected bird such as chickens, ducks, and turkeys. People can also get infected if they come into contact with an infected bird dropping, infected bird saliva on trucks and other farm equipment.

According to research this virus are passed on from an infected individual to another not through an infected bird to human. Research also said that the virus could easily mutate and be spread easily from one person to another. If this happens the h5n1 virus could become deadly to humans since this type of virus can cause severe illness to humans compared to other flu viruses. Statistics have shown that even though there were just a few hundred cases of h5n1 infected individuals reported more than half of them have died.

Symptoms of the infection

Symptoms of this condition appear the same as the common flu such as body pain, fever, coughing, and sore throat. Treatment of bird flu infection depends on the symptoms most of the time antiviral medicine is given by a health professional. Infected individuals are required to be admitted in a hospital and be put in an isolation room to help prevent the spreading of the virus to others. Vitamins and supplements to help boost the immune system are also recommended to avoid any illnesses such as this.

Flu Treatment

Regretfully the only method to stop the virus would be to eliminate the birds and animals. You’re possibly asking yourself how in the daylights do humankind get corrupted with H5N1. Well this is where things get a tiny gray and unfamiliar. With the human flu virus we know that folks get contaminated from inhaling it or even coming in contact with a surface area with it and then touching their face.

With H5N1 some individuals have caught it through touching infected birds. There have been accounts of folks getting the pathogen from inhalation and also bathing in polluted water. More bad news is that there has been cases where an individual has caught the virus from another person.

The good thing is that the human to human infection has been very rare, however are you able to see exactly what everyone is frightened of.

Influenza virus is a tough bugger and it adapts. This is one good reason that it has survived for such a long time. As the saying goes adjust or kick the bucket right?

It’s additionally a reasons why you may get the influenza vaccine and 2 weeks later the vaccine could possibly be totally worthless since the pathogen has changed. Oh yea and there exists a 40% probability that the vaccine could not work, and there are hazards involved. Whenever you put something unknown like a deceased influenza virus within your body, you’re putting yourself at risk.

The main fear with bird flu is that it can change and cross over to being human to human infections. This would mean a whole lot more people might get this pathogen just like the typical flu. Seriously how many individuals actually come into contact with birds as it is? Yea nobody and that’s the reason why H5N1 while hazardous, isn’t nearly as detrimental as it can be if it were human to human contact.

How Bird Flu Affects Humans

Avian influenza – better known as “bird flu” – is a highly pathogenic strain of the common influenza that has self-mutated to live in birds as hosts. It is incredibly infectious in birds and can wipe out an entire flock of birds in just over a day. It is especially dangerous to birds in countries in Asia due to low hygienic standards and the keeping of birds in close quarters.

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In recent years, bird flu – known as the H5N1 strain of the flu – has spread to the Middle East and Europe, due to both the legal and illegal importation of infected bird stock. In the United States, imported food product is monitored incredibly closely by the government, so there have been no reported cases of bird flu in the U.S., except for one case in Texas in 2004 that was quickly exterminated. In total, there have been 650 confirmed cases in people, mostly in the countries of Bangladesh, China, Cambodia, Indonesia, and Egypt.

Bird flu is contracted by coming into close contact with infected birds, dead birds, infected surfaces, such as pens of infected chickens, and infected bird droppings. There have not been any reported cases of bird flu spreading from one human to another, although scientists fear that the disease may be in the process of mutating in order to be able to spread from human to human. Once contracted, bird flu is quite fatal, with an estimated 60% of people with confirmed cases dying from the disease.

Common symptoms include coughing, fever, trouble breathing, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea. Complications often arise with bird flu, which can lead to problems such as mental instability, pneumonia, respiratory failure, seizures, shock, multiple organ failure, and even death. While there is no known cure for bird flu, Thailand recently started a trial of a bird flu vaccine that is administered via a nasal spray and does not require an injection. The vaccine was developed after months of international collaboration of various health organizations from around the world.

Despite the fact that bird flu poses little threat to people living outside of Asia and the Middle East, reasonable precaution should still be taken in order to ensure that a bird flu epidemic does not break out worldwide. When handling poultry and eggs, it is necessary to wash your hands in warm water with soap for at least 20 seconds, both before and after handling the meat.

Poultry should be cooked to a temperature of at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit, and eggs should be cooked until both the yolk and white are firm. Utensils used in handling the raw poultry and eggs, such as knives and cutting boards, should be washed thoroughly with soap and water. When traveling, tourists should be careful to not visit bird farms that are likely to have infected bird populations.

Wild populations of birds can also carry bird flu, although this strain of bird flu very rarely infects humans. Nonetheless, people traveling to countries with known cases of bird flu should not touch wild fowl, whether it is alive or dead.

While there is widespread fear of contracting a case of bird flu, there is little harm presented by the disease to those who do not come into contact with fowl very often. There are also very few cases of the highly infectious disease in industrialized countries where good hygiene is practiced in the handling of livestock. By avoiding handling birds and using proper hand washing techniques when cooking poultry and eggs, the risk of contracting bird flu is greatly decreased and the spread of the disease can be virtually stopped.

Brief History On Bird Flu

A Spanish flu virus strain was found in humans and was considered as a normal strain of flu but in 1918 this virus mutated and became extremely lethal. It was considered the first huge pandemic in the 20th century. Scientists believe that the virus had mutated to a bird flu strain.

Then later on the first case of bird flu was reported over 2 decades ago in 1997 in Hongkong. It infected over a two dozen people and was later called as a N5H1 strain of bird flu virus.

The department of health had to destroy from where the virus first originated and all the people were evacuated on time.  At that time some scientists realized that the virus would soon become a threat to the entire world.  This is the time when they started to create drugs to combat this virus. Clinical trials started and later in 1999 another mild strain of the virus immerged.

bird flu infograph

bird flu infograph

In 2003 H5N1 returns once again and infects a number of individuals in Hong Kong. It was found how the two had returned from visit from China. A new strain also appears H7N7 which in turn causes one death and eighty instances of contamination. Later on in that year H9N2 infects a young child who later recuperates.

In 2004 H5N1 resurfaced again and contaminated and eliminating some 32 individuals iThailand and Vietnam. A new strain of bird flu H7N2 was discovered in america promoting the slaughter of 80, thousand alleged contaminated birds and causing more to be quarantined. During the season the bird flu viral strains H7N2 and H5N2 appear erratically in america. These kind of are milder strains of the potent H5N1 virus. In April, Another moderate computer virus infects a couple of poultry workers in Canada who endure.

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Bird Flu Facts – Overview

The influenza virus has always claimed lots of lives throughout time. There was a time during the early 1900’s where lots of people died from the simple flu. That’s why currently, health organizations around the world tries to prevent outbreaks happening all over again.

bird flu

The current virus that all the world health organizations are worrying about is the avian flu virus most commonly known as the bird flu virus. This virus has not affected a whole lot of persons yet, but why takes the chance?

We have always heard lots of birds getting killed and burned to prevent the avian flu virus from spreading. But what are its symptoms really? How will we know if we have been afflicted or not? This article aims to give a brief overview of the bird flu.

I’ll be updating this blog for more information on the subject